JOMINY HARDENABILITY TEST. Objective. To study hardness as a function of quench rate and investigate the hardenability of steels. Introduction. PDF | The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel , which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a. The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth.

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Hardenability is the ability of a steel to partially or completely transform from austenite to some fraction of martensite at a given depth below the surface, when cooled under a given condition. The graph below gives hradenability Jominy end quench data in terms of the Rockwell hardness number. Retrieved 9 December Data from the Jominy end quench test can be used to determine whether a particular steel can be sufficiently hardened in different quenching media, for different section diameters.

Hardenability – Wikipedia

This animation requires Adobe Flash Player 8 and later, which can be downloaded here. Select the plot of hardness variation along the test specimen that best describes their behaviour.

Please follow this link if you would like to provide a short review for this TLP. Three medium carbon steels 0. Two specimens tst a low alloy steel with 0. The Jominy Test involves heating a test piece from the steel 25mm diameter and mm long to an austenitising temperature and quenching from one end with a controlled and standardised jet of water.

The round specimen is then ground flat along its length to a depth of 0.


The resultant microstructure is quite coarse, with reduced toughness and ductility. For jiminy, a steel of a high hardenability can transform to a high fraction of martensite to depths of several millimetres under relatively slow cooling, such as an oil quench, whereas a steel of low hardenability may only form a high fraction of martensite to a depth of less than a millimetre, even under rapid cooling such as a water quench.


The geometry of the part also affects the cooling rate: A high hardenability is required for through hardening of large components. The alloy steel clearly has the highest hardenability, forming martensite to a greater depth than the plain carbon steel. Steels with low hardenability may be used for smaller components, such as chisels and shears, or for surface hardened components such as gears. This TLP considers the basic concepts of hardenability and the Jominy test. The fluid used for quenching the material influences the cooling rate due to varying thermal conductivities and specific heats.

Three low alloy steels, which differ only in their carbon content 0. Boron has a very strong yest for oxygen and nitrogen, with which it forms compounds. It is then carefully and quickly moved to the quenching machine and positioned above a water jet.

The Vickers hardness test uses a square pyramidal diamond indentor. This method of increasing the hardenability is rarely used since substantial increases in hardenability require large austenite grain size, obtained through high austenitisation temperatures.

Jominy and A. It should not be confused with hardnesswhich is a measure of a sample’s resistance to indentation or scratching. Structure of En 8 at the quenched end of Jominy bar. Manufacturing Engineering and Technology.

The results are plotted in the graph below. For example, the cooling rate at a distance of 9. The hardenability of a ferrous alloy is measured by a Jominy test: The Vickers test is most commonly used in the UK. The interval is typically 1. However, the effect is too small be be commonly used for control of hardenability. The proportions of the phases at any position depends on the cooling rate, with more martensite formed where the cooling rate is fastest.


It is an indication of how deep into the material a certain hardness can be achieved.

DoITPoMS – TLP Library The Jominy End Quench Test

The cooling rate will be highest at the end being quenched, and will decrease as distance from the end increases. Effects of alloying and microstructure Example Jominy end quench test data Heat flow simulation Quench test simulation Summary Questions Going further. Take a sample from the furnace and place it on the Jominy test fixtures and observe the cooling pattern. The nucleation of ferrite and pearlite occurs at heterogeneous nucleation sites such as the austenite grain boundaries.

This composite microstructure of martensite and austenite gives a lower hardness to the steel, although the microhardness of the martensite phase itself is still high.

Structure of En 24 at 10 cm position along Jominy bar, furthest from the quenched end. Select the most appropriate tesy to achieve the necessary levels of mechanical properties, residual stress and distortion in a 1mm diameter wood-working drill. Modern materials and manufacturing processes. The cooling rate varies along the length of the sample from very rapid at the quenched end, to rates equivalent to air cooling at the other end.